There is a well-documented gap between research (what we know) vs. practice (what we do), with only a fraction of evidence-based practices, interventions, and research findings routinely applied in real-world healthcare and community settings. NIH recognizes that translating new public health and healthcare knowledge and research among practitioners, healthcare providers, patients, and the general public is complex, but critically important. Because it takes about 17 years for scientific discoveries to be integrated into routine practice, research is needed to help advance understanding of how to enhance the uptake, reach, and impact of scientific discoveries.
Dissemination and implementation (D&I) research is the scientific study of methods and strategies to promote the adoption and integration of proven treatments, programs, and policies into routine use in diverse real-world settings and populations. Dissemination focuses on enhancing the targeted distribution and facilitating the uptake and adoption of effective programs and practices among key stakeholders. Implementation focuses on understanding the factors and strategies that influence the successful integration and use of evidence-based programs and practices within particular settings (e.g. clinic, school, worksite). Community-engaged research and partnerships with key stakeholders are common and critical components of high impact D&I research. Ultimately, D&I science can accelerate the pace of improving healthcare and health outcomes from research, with CTSA Program hubs well positioned to help advance science in this area.
The Implementation Science Initiative at the Irving Institute for Clinical and Translational Research holds a regular Working Group that meets monthly (the first Monday of each month from 3 PM – 4 PM). This network of transdisciplinary researchers shares a common interest in D&I science across diverse topical areas, sectors, and contexts (e.g. emergency medicine, social work, mental health services, public health, cancer screening and treatment, digital health, aging, cardiovascular health). Our goals are focused on: 1) increasing awareness of/capacity for implementation science; 2) providing opportunities for education/training; and 3) advancing research in implementation science. At monthly meetings, we share new resources for D&I science, build research capacity and collaboration, and plan collaborative projects.
If you are interested in joining a working group, please contact Dora Ventura, firstname.lastname@example.org.
The Division of Behavioral Health Services and Policy Research and the Global Mental Health Research program in the Division of Epidemiology at Columbia Psychiatry developed a special interest group focusing on implementation science (IS-SIG). Implementation Science special interest group presentations take place at the New York State Psychiatric Institute on the first Wednesday of the month from 9 AM – 10 AM. Please complete our form to be added.
The Department of Epidemiology at Columbia’s Mailman School of Public Health, in collaboration with the Irving Institute for Clinical and Translational Research are offering one-year pilot awards ranging from $25,000 – 75,000, for proof-of-concept projects to be conducted “in miniature”, ultimately leading to larger intervention or implementation science projects and producing new knowledge that directly impacts population health, supported by larger extramural funds.
Improving Smoking Cessation in Socioeconomically Disadvantaged Populations via Scalable Interventions
Improving Implementation of Seek, Test, Treat & Retain Strategies among People Who Inject Drugs in Low to Middle Income Countries
Education and Training
- Offered through the Mailman School of Public Health, this is a 3-credit course offered in the Spring semester. The class meets on Wednesdays from 1 – 3:50pm.
- Course Description: While we have made tremendous scientific progress in public health and medicine, there is a large gap between research and practice. It takes 15 to 20 years for scientific knowledge and discoveries to translate into evidence-based policies and programs that impact widespread population health. An emerging science seeks to eliminate this gap and facilitate the successful dissemination, implementation and sustainability of evidence-based practices. This course will introduce students to the field of Dissemination and Implementation research and science, to prepare them as practitioners and researchers on how to apply scientific advances in 'real world' settings. Through readings, discussion, lectures, and application, students will learn how to: explain the terminology of this field and the contribution this field makes to public health; examine the evidence base of effective interventions and policies; explain the theoretical and historical foundations of the field; critique and design research studies for the purpose of dissemination and implementation; and evaluate the critical factors influencing dissemination, implementation and sustainability in public health, community, healthcare, and social service settings. Students will be required to complete two brief writing assignments, lead a journal club, present a poster presentation, and write a final paper that allows them to develop a dissemination, implementation and sustainability plan for an existing program or policy.
- Registration opens: June 15, 2018
- Dates: Fall (September-December), Winter (January-March), Spring (April-June)
- The UCSF Implementation Science Online Training Program is a part-time program consisting of a series of six online courses focused on theories and methods relevant to the design of strategies to facilitate uptake of health-related interventions. The program is designed for people from a broad range of professional settings who are currently engaged in the development, implementation, and evaluation of strategies to promote and improve health and health care quality. Fall courses begin in early September and are 10 weeks long. Winter and Spring courses begin in January and in March, respectively.
- The Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR) in coordination with a number of National Institutes of Health (NIH) Institutes and Centers and the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), are hosting this training institute to provide participants with a thorough grounding in conducting D&I research in health across all areas of health and health care. In 2018, the institute will utilize a combination of a 4-month online course (six modules with related assignments) between August 13 and November 30 , 2018, and a 2-day in-person training to be held December 6-7, 2018, in Bethesda, MD. Faculty and guest lecturers will consist of leading experts in theory, implementation, and evaluation approaches to D&I; creating partnerships and multilevel, transdisciplinary research teams; research design, methods, and analyses appropriate for D&I; and conducting research at different and multiple levels of intervention (e.g., clinical, community, policy).
K12 Career Development Training in T4 Implementation Science and Heart, Lung, Blood, and Sleep (HLBS) Disorders
The IMPACT (IMPlementation to Achieve Clinical Transformation) K12, centered at the Adult and Child Consortium for Outcomes Research and Delivery Science (ACCORDS), is a two-year career development program t o prepare a diverse group of post-doctorate scholars for careers in T4 translational research with an emphasis on HLBS disorders.
The QUERI Implementation Seminar Series (QI) features presenters from Veterans Affairs Health Services Research & Developments's Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI). Faculty will share information about QUERI implementation processes, methods and lessons learned. Those who may benefit from attending these sessions include clinicians, researchers, administrators, and policymakers who are interested in learning more about implementation science and the tools needed to promote evidence-based medicine.
The Society for Implementation Research Collaboration lists several additional training opportunities in dissemination and implementation science.
Rachel Shelton, ScD, MPH
Alejandra N. Aguirre, DrPH, MPH